What are the Symptoms and Causes of PMS?

The signs and symptoms of Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) include mood swings, sensitive breasts, food cravings, exhaustion, irritability, and sadness. It is thought that as many as 3 our of every 4 menstruating people have suffered from premenstrual syndrome.

The frequency of symptoms follows a regular pattern. However, the physical and emotional changes associated with premenstrual syndrome can range from barely detectable to severe. But these issues need not dictate your life. You can manage the signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome with the aid of treatments and lifestyle modifications.

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When do PMS symptoms begin?

The menstrual cycle is approximately 28 days on average. If your cycle is of average length:

Ovulation, or the release of the egg from the ovaries, occurs around day 14, or the halfway point of the menstrual cycle.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can occur at any time after ovulation (though they commonly begin a week before menstruation) and last for around five days after menstruation begins.

On day 28 of the cycle, menstruation, or bleeding, will start. Understand the phases of the menstrual cycle to map your symptoms and know when to act and take care of your body.

Psychological and behavioural symptoms

  • Stress or anxiety
  • Bad mood
  • Crying spells
  • Mood swings and anger/irritation
  • Changes in appetite and food desires
  • Difficulty falling asleep (insomnia)
  • Social isolation
  • Lacking concentration
  • Change in libido
  • Physical symptoms and signs
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Gain in weight due to fluid retention
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Acne flare-ups
  • Constipation or loose stools
  • Alcohol intolerance

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Some individuals’ physical pain and emotional stress are severe enough to interfere with their daily life. Regardless of symptom severity, the majority of women experience a resolution of their symptoms within four days after the onset of their monthly period.

However, a small percentage of women with premenstrual syndrome experience monthly disabling symptoms. This type of PMS is referred to as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

Depression, mood swings, anger, anxiety, feeling overwhelmed, difficulty concentrating, impatience, and tension are all PMDD symptoms.

When to seek the advice of a health coach

Consult a certified premenstrual disorder Dubai-based health Coach hormone Health Specialist at Liv Lively if you have not been able to manage your premenstrual syndrome with adjustments to your lifestyle and the symptoms of PMS are hurting your health and everyday activities.

Typically, eczema and dermatitis manifest as itchy, puffy, crusty, or flaky spots that can ooze pus or blood. Scratching excessively harms the skin by developing infections, and it can make the itching worse. According to the National Eczema Association, eczema can be caused by both hereditary and allergic factors.


Although the precise origin of premenstrual syndrome is uncertain, many factors have been suggested:

Hormones undergo cyclical fluctuations. The signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome fluctuate with fluctuations in hormone levels and diminish throughout pregnancy and menopause.

Chemical alterations in the brain. Serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter) believed to have a critical role in mood states, could be responsible for PMS symptoms. Insufficient serotonin levels can contribute to premenstrual depression, exhaustion, food cravings, and sleep disturbances.

Depression. Some women with severe premenstrual syndrome have undetected depression, however, depression does not cause all of the symptoms on its own.

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Lifestyle elements

Certain behaviours can influence the intensity of your PMS symptoms. Among the lifestyle factors that could intensify PMS symptoms are:

  • Smoking
  • Smoking Consuming a lot of high-fat, high-sugar, and high-sodium diets
  • Lack of regular physical activity
  • Lack of quality sleep

Additionally, 2018 research linked alcohol consumption to an increased risk of PMS. If you binge drink or consume excessive amounts of alcohol on a regular basis, you are more prone to have PMS symptoms.


PMS can agitate you to the core, but with the help of LivLively, you can easily ease the symptoms with the help of our expert, One of the best health and nutrition experts in Dubai!


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